Benedict XVI on St. Bonaventure and St. Francis
Pope Benedict XVI took the opportunity during last Sunday’s pre-Angelus address to mention that July 15th is the feast day of St. Bonaventure, the Franciscan saint, theologian, bishop, and doctor of the church. Bonaventure has played an important role in Benedict XVI’s academic and spiritual formation going all the way back to when the now-pontiff was in graduate school. In recent years, Benedict XVI has delivered several addresses on Franciscan figures, about twelve addresses in all over the period of two years, three of which (not counting this most recent) were on Bonaventure. The Pope again returns to the Seraphic Doctor to highlight the model for Christian living we find in the saint’s life and how his theological understanding of the life of St. Francis aligns well with the Christocentric theological outlook we find in the Pauline hymn at the opening of the Letter to the Ephesians, the Second Reading for last Sunday.
Here is the full Vatican text of Benedict XVI’s talk before the Sunday July 15, 2012 Angelus.
Dear Brothers and Sisters,
I see that you have forgiven my delay. I celebrated Holy Mass in Frascati and we prayed a little too long perhaps… and so I am late.
Today, 15 July, in the liturgical calendar is the Memorial of St Bonaventure of Bagnoregio, a Franciscan, Doctor of the Church and the successor of St Francis of Assisi at the helm of the Order of Friars Minor. It was he who wrote the first official biography of the “Poverello” and, at the end of his life, he was also Bishop of this Diocese of Albano.
Bonaventure wrote in one of his letters: “I confess before God that the reason which made me most love the life of Blessed Francis is that it resembles the birth and development of the Church” (Epistula de tribus quaestionibus, in Opere di San Bonaventura. Introduzione generale, Rome 1990, p. 29). These words refer us directly to this Sunday’s Gospel which presents the first occasion on which Jesus sent the Twelve Apostles out on mission. Jesus “called to him the Twelve”, St Mark recounts, “and began to send them out two by two…. He charged them to take nothing for their journey except a staff; no bread, no bag, no money in their belts; but to wear sandals and not put on two tunics” (Mk 6:7-9). After his conversion Francis of Assisi practised this Gospel to the letter, becoming a very faithful witness of Jesus; and, uniquely bound to the mystery of the Cross, was transformed into “another Christ”, exactly as St Bonaventure describes him.
Jesus Christ is the inspiring centre of St Bonaventure’s entire life and likewise of his theology. We rediscover this centrality of Christ in the Second Reading of today’s Mass (Eph 1:3-14), the famous hymn of St Paul’s Letter to the Ephesians that begins: “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places”. The Apostle thus shows in the four passages, that all begin with the same words: “in him”, with reference to Jesus, how this plan of blessing was brought about. “In him”, the Father chose us before the creation of the world; “in him” we have redemption through his blood; “in him” we became his heirs, predestined to live “for the praise of his glory”; “in him” all those who believe in the Gospel receive the seal of the Holy Spirit. This Pauline hymn contains the vision of history which St Bonaventure helped to spread in the Church: the whole of history is centred on Christ, who also guarantees in every era new things and renewal. In Jesus, God said and gave all things, but since he is an inexhaustible treasure, the Holy Spirit never ceases to reveal and to actualize his mystery. So it is that the work of Christ and of the Church never regresses but always progresses.
Dear friends, let us invoke Mary Most Holy whom we shall be celebrating tomorrow as Our Lady of Mount Carmel, so that she may help us, like St Francis and St Bonaventure, to respond generously to the Lord’s call to proclaim his Gospel of salvation with our words and, first and foremost, with our lives.
For an introduction to the Franciscan spiritual and theological influence in Pope Benedict XVI’s life, check out chapter thirteen of my forthcoming book, which includes a commentary on each of the twelve addresses the Pope delivered on the Franciscan tradition. The book, due out in September, is titled: Francis of Assisi and the Future of Faith: Exploring Franciscan Spirituality and Theology in the Modern World (Tau Publishing, 2012). Keep an eye out for its release in the next few months!